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Tuesday, October 13, 2020 | History

5 edition of Distinctiveness and memory found in the catalog.

Distinctiveness and memory

Distinctiveness and memory

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Published by Oxford University Press in New York, NY .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementedited by R. Reed Hunt, James B. Worthen.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsBF
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 476 p. :
Number of Pages476
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22725905M
ISBN 100195169662

  Distinctiveness often is used as a synonym for difference, but, in fact, the beneficial effects of distinctiveness on memory arise only when both similarity and difference are encoded. In this article, I describe an approach modeled on a theory of similarity judgment that defines distinctive processing as the processing of difference in the Cited by: Trademark distinctiveness is an important concept in the law governing trademarks and service marks.A trademark may be eligible for registration, or registrable, if it performs the essential trademark function, and has distinctive rability can be understood as a continuum, with "inherently distinctive" marks at one end, "generic" and "descriptive" marks with no distinctive.

Optimal distinctiveness is a social psychological theory seeking to understand ingroup–outgroup differences. It asserts that individuals desire to attain an optimal balance of inclusion and distinctiveness within and between social groups and situations (Brewer, ). These two motives are in constant opposition with each other; when there is too much of one motive, the other must increase. In the present chapter, we focus on recent research concerned with understanding how distinctiveness can help to reduce memory errors--specifically those involved in false recognition, where people claim that they have previously seen or heard a novel item or event. We will focus in particular on recent studies from our laboratory that have provided evidence for a memory monitoring mechanism Cited by:

Synonyms for distinctiveness at with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive alternatives for distinctiveness. I could easily envision a graduate course in which students would read empirical articles on distinctiveness and emotion in memory and use this book as the basic textbook to help bring together the many theories and findings in these areas."-Lisa Geraci, Ph.D., Texas A&M University, USA "This is an excellent overview of the emotional memory.


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Distinctiveness and memory Download PDF EPUB FB2

Distinctiveness is Distinctiveness and memory book concept that has been invoked either directly or indirectly in nearly every major area of research in psychology.

However, in no area of psychological research is the concept of distinctiveness more fully enmeshed than in the area of memory. Intuitions often instigate important discoveries in psychology; but left unexamined, intuitions also can become an impediment to progress.

Such seems to be the case for distinctiveness and memory, where both the data and theory are intuitive. Everyone knows that distinctive events are well remembered and everyone knows why. A distinctive event attracts attention, and the additional processing. The book includes sections that cover basic theory and behavioral research on distinctiveness, bizarreness effects, distinctiveness effects on implicit memory, the development of distinctiveness across the lifespan, distinctiveness in social context, and the neuroscience of distinctiveness and memory.3/5(1).

The basic laboratory technique for studying distinctiveness effect in memory is the isolation paradigm, a simple test in which a list of items is presented for memorization.

All items except one are similar in some way. The different item always occurs late in the list, to allow the similarity of the preceding items to establish a context.

The concept of distinctiveness in memory research / R. Reed Hunt --Modeling distinctiveness: implications for general memory theory / James S. Nairne --Emotion, significance, distinctiveness, and memory / Stephen R. Schmidt --Encoding and retrieval processes in distinctiveness effects: toward an integrative framework / Mark A.

McDaniel and. The book includes sections that cover basic theory and behavioral Distinctiveness and memory book on distinctiveness, bizarreness effects, distinctiveness effects on implicit memory, the development of distinctiveness across the lifespan, distinctiveness in social context, and the neuroscience of distinctiveness and memory.

Research relevant to the topic of distinctiveness and memory dates back over years and boasts a literature of well over 2, published articles. Throughout this history, numerous theories of distinctiveness and memory have been offered and subsequently refined.

There has, however, never been a book that brings this rich history together with the latest research. Categorical Distinctiveness in Visual Long-Term Memory. The items to be remembered from Standing () were gathered from various magazines, and thus presumably reflected everyday scenes and events.

However, Standing also observed that long-term memory capacity for vivid pictures, images that depicted oddities (e.g., a dog holding a pipe, a crashed airplane), was even better: After seeing Cited by: Chapter 7 Resolution of Discrepant Memory Strengths: An Explanation of the Effects of Bizarreness on MemoryChapter 8 Memory for Bizarre and Other Unusual Events: Evidence from Script Research; Iii: Distinctiveness and Implicit Memory Tests; Chapter 9 Conceptual Implicit Memory and the Item-Specific --Relational Distinction; Chapter 10 The.

Distinctiveness and Memory £ EPUB Linda L. Barnes. Distinctiveness and Memory by R. Reed Hunt, James B. Worthen and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at Book.

Distinctiveness and Memory Edited by R. Reed Hunt and James B. Worthen. Published in print April | ISBN The basic laboratory technique for studying distinctiveness effect in memory is the isolation paradigm, a simple test in which a list of items is presented for memorization.

All items except one are similar in some way. The investigations of distinctiveness and memory demonstrated opposite effects of the semantic relatedness in remembering of the lexical information (Hunt & Worthen, ; Schmidt, ). In these. Distinctiveness. Broadly, distinctiveness is what makes something different, unique, and distinct from other things.

In psychology distinctiveness can have a few different meanings. In attribution theory, distinctiveness is when a behavior or action by an individual is judged by another to be common or unusual.

This requires knowledge of the. T1 - Distinctiveness and memory for unfamiliar faces. T2 - Explorations in Face Space. AU - Hosie, Judith Ann. AU - Milne, Alan Berkeley. PY - /9/ Y1 - /9/ M3 - Chapter.

SN - SN - T3 - International Library of Psychology. SP - BT - Cognitive and Computational Aspects of Face Processing. PB - RoutledgeCited by: 1.

Distinctiveness and memory. by R. Reed Hunt and James B. Worthen. Oxford U. Press pages $ Hardcover. Distinctiveness definition, serving to distinguish; characteristic; distinguishing: the distinctive stripes of the zebra.

See more. Distinctiveness and Memory: Comments and a Point of View and assesses the degree to which there is agreement on the role of distinctiveness in memory. In addition to distinctiveness, this book. Research on these components may also yield useful information on theoretical conceptualizations within the general memory literature.

For example, research on bizarre imagery may enhance our understanding of recent theoretical analyses based on distinctiveness (Eysenck, ; Hunt & Elliott, ; Nelson, ).Cited by: Gordon D.A.

Brown, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition), Memory as Temporal Discrimination.

Distinctiveness models assume that memory retrieval is akin to temporal discrimination. One approach is to test this assumption directly by using temporal discrimination tasks and asking whether the discriminability of particular durations of time can.

A distinctiveness hypothesis has been used to explain why the type of design is instrumental for observing bizarre imagery effects.

According to most accounts of distinctiveness, the distinctiveness of an event is determined by two factors. First, a distinctive item is one that shares few features in common with other information in by: Distinctiveness and memory for unfamiliar faces With Judith A. Hosie, Alan B.

Milne The concept of distinctiveness pervades almost every area of research on memory and has been invoked as a potential explanation for a diverse range of memory phenomena (for a review, see Schmidt, ).Cited by: 3.

From now on, make it your personal goal to process information more deeply by increasing the distinctiveness of memory codes (Processing distinctiveness, Schmidt, ) and maximizing the.